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When children begin to express themselves verbally, there are times when they are unable to describe how they feel or say what they want to do. It's normal, they are still acquiring the language that will take years. Sometimes, it also happens to parents that we are not able to cope well with language in our day to day life. All this is called linguistic intelligence and refers to the degree to which a person is able to skillfully use language to express and understand ideas and to achieve objectives based on this ability. Today we tell you what it is and how you can help your children improve it.
Where does the concept of linguistic intelligence? First of all, we should talk about Howard Gardner's theory of intelligences, which breaks with the traditional idea of a single type of intelligence, and describes a total of eight types of intelligence. Thus, each child would have a unique intelligence, the result of the combination of these eight types and different degrees (high, low and / or intermediate intelligences):
- Linguistic intelligence (related to languages)
- Logical - mathematical intelligence (related to numbers)
- Musical intelligence (related to music)
- Visuospatial intelligence (related to the artistic part)
- Body intelligence - kinesthetic (related to physical movement)
- Naturalistic intelligence (related to natural experiences)
- Interpersonal intelligence (related to social relationships)
- Intrapersonal intelligence (related to emotions)
Often times, the school continues to focus on fostering two main intelligences, letters and numbers, that is, linguistic intelligence and logical-mathematical intelligence. And although these are only two of the eight intelligences described, we will show you how to identify and how to easily train from home one of them, linguistic intelligence.
And, before starting to work on that ability, it is worth evaluating how our children's ability to express themselves through language in a written and oral way is like and, for this, we are going to tell you what it consists of. the linguistic intelligence test.
You will only need a sheet and a pencil. You must write down and add the points of the following 10 questions that as parents and even teachers you can score on a scale of 0 to 3, depending on whether or not they identify the child in question. We will score 0 when the question does not identify you at all, 1 when there is a minimal coincidence, 2 when there is enough coincidence and 3 when the question identifies and describes you perfectly. The ten questions that make up the test are:
1. Do you have the facility to explain yourself and make yourself understood? 0 1 2 3
2. Are you creative in narrating and / or describing stories? 0 1 2 3
3. Do you have and use a wide and varied vocabulary for your age? 0 1 2 3
4. Do you have a good memory for names and places? 0 1 2 3
5. Do you enjoy hearing stories and stories from adults? 0 1 2 3
6. Do jokes, rhymes, and puns appeal to you? 0 1 2 3
7. Do you like word search, crossword or similar games? 0 1 2 3
8. Do you enjoy reading books, stories, and even signs? 0 1 2 3
9. Do you enjoy writing words, phrases and even texts? 0 1 2 3
9. Do you make few spelling mistakes for your age? 0 1 2 3
After counting the points for each of the ten questions, we can locate the intelligence of the child high (with a score between 21-30 points), intermediate (between 11-20 points) or low (between 0-10 points).
Do you already have the result? Regardless of whether the score obtained has been high, medium or low, if you want work on linguistic intelligence both in the classroom (if you are a teacher) and at home (if you are a mother or father), we have prepared a series of exercises to carry out this task:
1. Ask them to tell us about important day-to-day experiences.
To improve verbal experiences, nothing like that at dinner time (or the time you choose), the children tell you how their day has gone: the best thing that happened to them, what they would like to forget, what they have missed..
2. Play to invent and narrate stories aloud.
What fun! Get ready to hear surreal stories like flying rabbits or meat-eating cows. Here ... the imagination has no limits!
3. Learn new vocabulary words every day.
Acquiring new words can be done through reading, but also through daily teaching. How about if, every day, you get into a room in the house, for example, the kitchen and show the child what each thing is called? Sure there are many concepts that you do not know yet.
4. Insist that they remember names; avoiding someone, something, there or here.
You have to try to get kids to address things by name, and try to omit vague concepts as much as possible.
5. Tell them stories and stories before going to sleep.
This exercise, in addition to helping to develop linguistic intelligence, can be a link that reinforces the relationship between parents and children.
6. Propose jokes, rhymes and puns for entertainment.
While you are on your way to school, back home, on the way to the beach ... There are thousands of moments in which, without them noticing, you can work the language.
7. Play with crosswords or word searches, among other language games.
This activity can be shared with grandparents, the great experts in doing this type of activity to improve their memory.
8. Read all kinds of stories, stories, comics, etc.
And if before we talked about telling a story at night, another possibility is to broaden the spectrum and exchange stories for comics, a genre that is very attractive to children because of the illustrations they contain.
9. Write short texts or diaries on a regular basis.
Before going to bed, you can establish a routine that he writes in his little secret diary the best thing that happened to him that day. When writing about something that he has experienced in the first person and that is very familiar to him, it will not cost him much!
10. Weekly training to improve spelling.
How about if one day a week you propose to spend a little time doing a dictation? In addition to positively affecting your linguistic intelligence, this activity will help you improve your attention, language, and hearing.
You can read more articles similar to Easy games to improve children's linguistic intelligence, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.